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经验研究的结构:范文赏析与研究实践彭玉生

本课程以社会科学高等方法论为基础,强化训练经验社会科学研究、特别是定量研究的规范结构、实际操作、和写作过程。整个课程分为两个部分,第一部分为范文赏析,即对范文进行阅读、分析、评价、欣赏,范文选自国际一流社会科学杂志,如《美国社会学杂志》,《美国经济学评论》,和《美国政治学评论》等。通过分析范文,总结分析社会科学经验研究的规范结构的八个组成要素,即:问题、理论、假设、测量、数据、方法、分析、结论。第二部分为研究实践,要求课程参与者呈交并介绍自己的研究课题(如博士论文或硕士论文),通过课堂分析讨论,参照范文的规范结构修改提高。  

 本课程的主要对象是博士和硕士研究生,或本科高年级学生。

 

第一讲:  经验研究的结构

阅读:彭玉生  2010,《“洋八股”与社会科学规范》

            黄宗智 2008,《连接经验与理论:建立中国的现代学术》

            Popper, Karl. 1935/2002.  Chap 1, 3, and10.

            Denzin and Lincoln. 2000. Chap 6. “Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences.”

 

           

第二讲:问题、理论、与假设

阅读: Merton, Robert. 1968. “On Sociological Theories of the Middle Range”

          Walder 1995a. “Career mobility”

          Walder 1995b. “Local governments as industrial firms

          Zhou et al. 2003

          Zhou 2005

          Peng, 2004,2010.

          Tsai, Lily. 2007.

          Uzzi, Brian 1999

          Lin, Justin. 1992.

          Firebaugh 1992

 

第三讲:概念与测量

 阅读:Blalock 1979, 1989

            Firebaugh 1992

            Walder 1995a

            Zhou et al. 2003.

            Tsai, Lily. 2007.

            Lin, Justin. 1992.

 

第四讲:因果分析

 阅读:彭玉生《社会科学中的因果分析》

                        David Hume. 1748. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.

                        Salmon. 1993. “An encounter with Hume.”

                        Sobel. 1996. “An introduction to causal inference.”

                        Peng, 2004, 2010.

 

 

第五讲:定性研究

          Denzin and Lincoln. 2000. Chap 7 “Three epistemological stances for qualitative inquiry.”

          Ragin, Charles. 1987.

          Skocpol and Somers. 1980.

          Kogut, Bruce and Udo Zander. 2000

            Lee, Chingkuan 1995

            Chan, Cheris. 2009

            Tsai, Lily. 2007.

            Uzzi Brian 1999

                       

第六讲:定量分析入门线性模型

 (讲义)

 

第七讲:定量分析进阶扩展线性模型

 (讲义)

Gill, Jeff.  2001. Generalized Linear Models


阅读资料

 

大部分阅读资料已存入为本课程专设的163的邮箱,用户名和密码是:

user name: pengyusheng2010@163.com

password: methodology

登录后点击网易网盘,进入"methodology readings"文件夹就能看到课程相关的所有材料

 

黄宗智 2007,“连接经验与理论:建立中国的现代学术”,载《开放时代》 20074期,5-25页。

彭玉生 2010,“洋八股与社会科学规范”,《社会学研究》第146期,180-210页。

彭玉生 2011,“社会科学中的因果分析,《社会学研究》第153期,1-32页。

 

Blalock, Hubert 1979. “Measurement and Conceptualization Problems: The major obstacle to integrating theory and research.” American Journal of Sociology 44: 881-894.

 

Blalock, Hubert. 1989. “The real and unrealized contributions of quantitative sociology.” American Sociological Review 54: 447-460.

 

Chan, Cheris Shun-Ching. 2009. “Invigorating the Content in Social Embeddedness: An Ethnography of Life Insurance Transactions in China.” American Journal of Sociology 115(3):712-54.

 

Denzin, Norman K. and Yvonna S. Lincoln. 2000. The Handbook of Qualitative Research.  Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications

Firebaugh, Glenn. 1992. “Growth effects of foreign and domestic investment.” American Journal of Sociology 98(1): 105-30

 

Gill, Jeff.  2001. Generalized Linear Models. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

 

Holand, Paul. 1986. “Statistics and Causal Inferences.” Journal of the American Statistical Association Vol. 81, No. 396, 945-60.

 

Hume, David. 1748. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. < www.gutenberg.org>

 

Kogut, Bruce and Udo Zander. 2000. "Did socialism fail to innovate? A natural experiment of the two Zeiss companies." American Sociological Review 65(April): 169-190.

 

Lee, Ching Kwan. 1995. "Engendering the Worlds of Labor: Women Workers, Labor Markets, and Production Politics in the South China Economic Miracle." American Sociological Review Vol 60: 378-397.

 

Lin, Yifu Justin. 1992. “Rural reforms and agricultural growth in China.” American Economic Review 82(1): 34-51.

 

Merton, Robert. 1968. “On Sociological Theories of the Middle Range.” Pp. 39-72 in Social Theory and Social Structure, by R. Merton. New York: the Free Press

 

Nee, Victor. 1989. "Theory of Market Transition: from Redistribution to Markets in State Socialism.." American Sociological Review Vol 54: 663-681.

 

------. 1991. “Between redistribution and markets in China”. American Sociological Review Vol 56: 267-282.

 

Peng, Yusheng. 2004. “Kinship networks and entrepreneurs in China’s transitional economy.” American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 109: 1045-74.

 

Peng, Yusheng. 2010. “When formal laws and informal norms collide:  Lineage networks versus birth control policy in China.”  American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 115.

 

Popper, Karl. 1935/2002. The Logic of Scientific Discovery.  London: Routledge. 

 

Ragin, Charles. 1987. The Comparative Method: Moving beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies.  Berkeley: University of California Press.

 

Salmon, Wesley C. 1993. “An Encounter with Hume.” Pp 245-263, Reason and Responsibility: Readings in some Basic Problems of Philosophy. ed. by Joel Feinberg. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.

 

Skocpol, Theda, and Margaret Somers. 1980. "The uses of comparative history in macrosocial inquiry." Journal of Comparative History and Society 22(2): 174-197.

 

Sobel, Michael. 1996. “An introduction to causal inference.” Sociological Methods & Research 24(3): 353-379.

 

Tsai, Lee Lily. 2007. “Solidary Groups, Informal Accountability, and Local Public Goods Provision in Rural China.” American Political Science Review Vol 101, No. 2, 355-372.

 

Uzzi, Brian. 1999. Embeddedness in the making of financial capital: How social relations and networks benefit firm seeking financing.” American Sociological Review 64:481-505.

 

Walder, Andrew. 1995a. "Career Mobility and the Communist Political Order."  American Sociological Review Vol 60: 309-328.

 

—— 1995b. “Local Government as Industrial Firms: An Organizational Analysis of China's Transitional Economy.” American Journal of Sociology 101.

 

Zhou, Xueguang. 2005. “The Institutional Logic of Occupational Prestige Ranking: Reconceptualization and Reanalyses.” American Journal of Sociology, 111(1): 90-140.

 

Zhou, Xueguang, Wei Zhao, Qiang Li, He Cai, 2003. "Embeddedness and Contractual Relationships China’s Transitional Economy."  American Sociological Review 68(1): 75-102.